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Bacteria that prevents type 1 diabetes

Our bodies have ten times the amount of microbes than human cells. This set of is called . In some instances, bacteria known as pathogens can cause . However, these micro-organisms can also protect us from certain diseases. Researchers from Inserm, and the CNRS (), through collaboration with teams from China and Sweden, have recently shown how microbiota protects against the development of . This research is published in the Immunity journal, 4 August 2015.

Pancreatic Islet of Langherans
A pancreatic islet of Langerhans is expressing the immunoregulator antimicrobial peptide CRAM (in red). The insulin-producting beta-cells are in green and the glucagon-producting alpha-cells are in blue.
Credit: © Julien Diana