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Cancer treatment on a cellular level

The most common treatments for cancer are radiation and chemotherapy. However they have side effects and also damage healthy tissues. Moreover, their effectiveness is limited when the cancer has spread through out the body. Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute are therefore working to develop a gentler treatment that ‘tricks’ the cancer cells, which would absorb a cytotoxin and therefore be destroyed, while healthy cells would remain unaffected. The results are published in the scientific journal, Scientific Reports.

Cancer Cells
The cancer cells have absorbed the packages and show signs they are about to die, even without the inclusion of the cytotoxin. The green spots show regions with high concentration of the packages.
Credit: Bordallo and Martins, Niels Bohr Institute