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Archive for June 10th, 2012

Discovery Provides Evidence Of New Therapeutic Target That Could Delay Axon Decay

Degeneration of the axon and synapse, the slender projection through which neurons transmit electrical impulses to neighboring cells, is a hallmark of some of the most crippling neurodegenerative and brain diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington’s disease and peripheral neuropathy. Scientists have worked for decades to understand axonal degeneration and its relation to [...]

Comparison Study Of Rheumatoid Arthritis Drugs Abatacept And Adalimumab

Data from one of the few head-to-head trials in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) presented at EULAR 2012, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, demonstrates that at one year, 64.8% of patients receiving abatacept (Orencia) and 63.4% of patients receiving adalimumab (Humira) achieved ACR20*. The Phase IIIb AMPLE study (Abatacept Versus Adalimumab Comparison in [...]

Genetic Mutations And Colon Cancer Development

In exploring the genetics of mitochondria – the powerhouse of the cell – researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have stumbled upon a finding that challenges previously held beliefs about the role of mutations in cancer development. For the first time, researchers have found that the number of new mutations are significantly lower in [...]

Innovative Technique Lays Groundwork For Novel Stem Cell Therapies

Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have for the first time transformed skin cells – with a single genetic factor – into cells that develop on their own into an interconnected, functional network of brain cells. The research offers new hope in the fight against many neurological conditions because scientists expect that such a transformation – [...]

Discovery Of Protein Function That Protects Cells During Injury

Scientists have discovered a new function for a protein that protects cells during injury and could eventually translate into treatment for conditions ranging from cardiovascular disease to Alzheimer’s. Researchers report online in the journal Cell that a type of protein called thrombospondin activates a protective pathway that prevents heart cell damage in mice undergoing simulated [...]