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Archive for August 17th, 2017

Tuberculosis drug may work better than others in its class

Treatment of tuberculosis involves a combination of several drugs, sometimes including drugs from a class known as fluoroquinolones. Using computer simulations, scientists have shown that the fluoroquinolone known as moxifloxacin may be superior to two other commonly used fluoroquinolones, according to a new paper in PLOS Computational Biology. Tuberculosis infects millions of people every year [...]

New method identifies brain regions most likely to cause epilepsy seizures

Scientists have developed a new way to detect which areas of the brain contribute most greatly to epilepsy seizures, according to a PLOS Computational Biology study. The strategy, devised by Marinho Lopes of the University of Exeter and colleagues, could help surgeons select specific brain areas for removal to stop seizures. Epilepsy is a neurological [...]

Disrupted gut microbiome makes children more susceptible to amoebic dysentery

Children with lower diversity of microbial species in their intestines are more susceptible to severe infection with the Entamoeba histolytica parasite, according to a new study published in PLOS Pathogens. E. histolytica is an amoeba that typically spreads via food, water, or hands that have been contaminated with feces. Some infected people have no symptoms, [...]

Why the definition of polycystic ovary syndrome harms women

The changed definition of polycystic ovary syndrome harms women and brings no clear benefit, say Australian scientists in the British Medical Journal. In their expert opinion article, the authors say more research is needed to properly assess the harms and benefits of diagnosing and treating women across different ages, ethnicities, and sub-types of this controversial [...]

Children who skip breakfast may not be getting recommended nutrients

A study by researchers at King’s College London has found that children who skip breakfast regularly may not be consuming the daily amounts of key nutrients for growth and development that are recommended by the UK government. Children who ate breakfast every day were deemed to have overall superior nutritional profiles compared to those who [...]