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Archive for August 28th, 2017

Blood test for colitis screening using infrared technology could reduce dependence on colonoscopy

A fast, simple blood test for ulcerative colitis using infrared spectroscopy could provide a cheaper, less invasive alternative for screening compared to colonoscopy, which is now the predominant test, according to a study between the Department of Physics and Astronomy and the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University. The researchers used Attenuated Total [...]

Death rates from rheumatic heart disease falling since 1990

The risk of dying from rheumatic heart disease, a condition of damaged heart valves caused by bacterial infection that leads to rheumatic fever, has dropped around the world over the last 25 years, according to a new scientific study published in The New England Journal of Medicine. However, progress on rheumatic heart disease remains uneven. [...]

Study examines whether marijuana affects kidney function

A new study found little evidence that marijuana use affects kidney function in healthy young adults. The analysis appears in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN). Because marijuana is becoming increasingly accepted in the United States, there is a critical need for studies examining its risks and benefits. Regarding kidney health, [...]

Scientists unravel role of glutamine synthetase in the spread of cancer

Scientists have discovered an essential mechanism in the spread of cancer. A team led by professor Massimiliano Mazzone (VIB-KU Leuven) and professor Alessandra Castegna (University of Bari) has demonstrated a way to alter the metabolism of macrophages, a particular type of white blood cell often responsible for supporting tumor growth. They found that reducing the [...]

Large studies find screening reduces mortality for those with detectable type 2 diabetes but not for general population

Three large trials published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) show that screening for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors may not reduce mortality and cardiovascular disease in the general population. However, for individuals diagnosed with diabetes, screening is associated with a reduction in mortality and cardiovascular [...]