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Epilepsy Treatment Zonegran® Gets License Extension Application Accepted By EMA

The (EMA) has accepted the submission by of an application to extend the use of adjunctive treatment Zonegran® (zonisamide) in the treatment of partial seizures (with or without secondary generalisation) to include children aged six years and above. A decision on this new licence extension application is expected in September 2012.

This submission was based on data from the double-blind, randomised, multicentre, placebo-controlled Phase III study, which showed that zonisamide is more effective than placebo, and well tolerated in paediatric epilepsy patients (6-17 years) with partial-onset seizures treated with one or two other anti-epileptic drugs. [1]

Specifically, results showed that significantly more patients responded positively to treatment with zonisamide (50.5%) versus treatment with placebo (31.0%). [1] Safety and tolerability assessments showed that the overall incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) was similar for zonisamide (55.1%) versus placebo (50.0%). There were low rates of serious TEAEs in the zonisamide and placebo groups (3.7% vs 2.0%) and TEAEs leading to withdrawal from the study (0.9% vs 3.0%).[1]

Zonisamide is a second generation anti-epileptic drug (AED) with multiple mechanisms of action and a chemical structure unrelated to other AEDs, which means it is unlikely to interact with other drugs.[2] Importantly, it has pharmacokinetic properties allowing for the clinical advantage of once-daily dosing after the titration phase.

Zonisamide was approved in in 2005 as an in the treatment of partial seizures (with or without generalisation) in adults with epilepsy. In July 2012, the EMA issued Marketing Authorisation Approval to extend the use of zonisamide to include monotherapy for the treatment of partial seizures (with or without secondary generalisation) in adults with newly diagnosed epilepsy.

The development of zonisamide underscores Eisai’s human health care mission, the company’s commitment to innovative solutions in disease prevention, cure and care for the health and well being of people worldwide. Eisai is committed to the therapeutic area of epilepsy and addressing the unmet medical needs of patients with epilepsy and their families. Eisai is proud to currently market more epilepsy products in EMEA than any other company, and is dedicated to becoming the number one epilepsy company in Europe (by sales) by 2015, as stated in its HAYABUSA plan.

About Zonegran (zonisamide)

Zonisamide is licensed in Europe as monotherapy in the treatment of partial seizures, with or without secondary generalisation, in adults with newly diagnosed epilepsy. In addition, zonisamide is also indicated as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial seizures (with or without generalisation) in adults with epilepsy. It has a broad spectrum of anti-epileptic modes of action and has no appreciable effects on steady-state plasma concentrations of other AEDs, such as phenytoin, carbamazepine and valproate. [2]

Zonisamide is available in 25mg, 50mg, and 100mg capsule strengths. The recommended initial daily dose for adjunctive use is 50mg in two divided doses. After one week the dose may be increased to 100 mg daily and thereafter the dose may be increased at weekly intervals, in increments of up to 100 mg.[1]

About the CATZ study

The double-blind, randomised, multicentre, placebo-controlled study set out to assess the efficacy and safety/tolerability of adjunctive zonisamide in 207 paediatric patients (6-17 years) with partial-onset seizures who were on one or two anti-epileptic drugs. The study’s primary endpoint was the proportion of responders (≥50% seizure frequency reduction) after 12 weeks maintenance treatment. Safety/tolerability evaluation included assessment of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs).[1]

About Epilepsy

Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological conditions in the world, affecting approximately eight in 1,000 people in Europe. [3] There are an estimated six million people living with epilepsy in Europe [4] and an estimated 50 million people worldwide[5], 10.5 million of which are children under the age of 15.[6]

Epilepsy is a chronic disorder of the brain that affects people of all ages. It is characterised by abnormal discharges of neuronal activity causing seizures. Seizures can vary in severity, from brief lapses of attention or jerking of muscles, to severe and prolonged convulsions. Depending on the seizure type, seizures may be limited to one part of the body, or may involve the whole body. Seizures can also vary in frequency from less than one per year, to several per day. Epilepsy has many possible causes but often the cause is unknown.

Source

[1] Rosati A, Pellacani P, Falchi M, Guerrini R. Preliminary results from the CATZ Study: a phase III, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial to assess the efficacy and safety of adjunctive zonisamide in paediatric patients with partial-onset seizures. P870 Abstract#914 Presented at 29th International Epilepsy Congress, 28th August until 1st September, 2011, Rome

[2] Eisai Ltd. (2005). Zonegran Summary of Product Characteristics

[3] Pugliatti M et al. Estimating the cost of epilepsy in Europe: A review with economic modeling. Epilepsia 2007: 48(12) 2224 – 2233.

[4] ILAE/IBE/WHO, Epilepsy in the WHO European Region: Fostering Epilepsy Care in Europe 2010. (Accessed June 2011)

[5] Epilepsy Society UK (Accessed June 2011)

[6] Forsgren L. Epilepsy in Children. 2nd Ed London. Arnold, 2004. 21–25

Source: Eisai