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From mother to child, passing on disease

While world health leaders race to contain the spread of the mosquito-borne Zika virus in the Americas, researchers at the University of Iowa are reminding doctors in the United States to be on the lookout for two other vector-borne and potentially life-threatening diseases that can be passed from mother to child through the placenta.

From Mother to Child, Passing on Disease
UI researchers are reminding US doctors to watch for two vector-borne and potentially life-threatening diseases — Chagas disease and Leishmaniasis — that can be passed from mother to child through the placenta. The child in this photo suffers from Leishmaniasis, which is characterized by irregular bouts of fever, substantial weight loss, swelling of the spleen and liver, and anemia. If the disease is not treated, the fatality rate in developing countries can be as high as 100 percent within two years.
Credit: Photo courtesy of the World Health Organization.