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How obesity impacts advanced non-small cell lung cancer

Obesity increases health risks for many things. Researchers wanted to know the impact of obesity on outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell . In the September issue of the ’s journal, the Journal of Thoracic Oncology (JTO), researchers conclude that had superior outcomes early on in the study, but then experienced increased hazards.

During the period from 1993 to 2004, the enrolled 2684 patients to three phase III trials of first-line systemic chemotherapy for advanced NSCLC. At a median follow-up of 64.9 months, 2585 of the patients were declared eligible and included in this research. The patients had their body mass index (BMI) calculated. Consistent with the general population, 4.6 percent of patients were underweight, 44.1 percent were normal weight, 34.3 percent of patients were classified as overweight, and 16.9 percent were obese.

The median overall survival estimated among underweight patients was 7.0 months, among normal weight patients was 8.6 months, among was 9.3 months and among obese patients was 11.0 months. In multivariable models, obese patients had significantly different overall survival when compared with normal-weight and ; however, their risk of death from any cause increased dramatically once they had been on study longer than 16 months.

Researchers says, “this indicates that the protective effect of obesity in is for a limited time, after which the ultimate impact of obesity on survival from all causes supersedes.”

The lead author is IASLC member Suzanne Dahlberg. Co-authors include IASLC members Dr. Joan Schiller, Dr. Philip Bonomi, Dr. Alan Sandler, Dr. Julie Brahmer, Dr. Suresh Ramalingam and Dr. David Johnson.


International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer