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New research explains why HIV is not cleared by the immune system

Scientists at the University of North Carolina (UNC) School of Medicine and Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have identified a human (host) protein that weakens the immune response to HIV and other viruses. The findings, published in Cell Host & Microbe, have important implications for improving HIV antiviral therapies, creating effective viral vaccines, and advance a new approach to treat cancer.

NLRX1 Is Found in Mitochondria
This is a confocal fluorescence microscopy image of NLRX1 (green) in a HeLa cell (blue, nuclear stain).
Credit: Haitao Guo