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No electricity needed: low-cost sophisticated HIV diagnostic for remote areas

Diagnosing HIV and other presents unique challenges in remote locations that lack , refrigeration, and appropriately trained health care staff. To address these issues, researchers funded by the () have developed a low-cost, electricity-free device capable of detecting the DNA of , including HIV-1. The device uses a small scale chemical reaction, rather than electric power, to provide the heat needed to amplify and detect the DNA or RNA of pathogens present in blood samples obtained from potentially infected individuals.

[cut-away-view-of-the-reusable-nina-device]
Cut-away view of the reusable NINA device showing relative location of insulation, heat source, phase change material, and samples.
Credit: Paul LaBarre.


Source

This work was supported by NIH through the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering under award number R01EB012641 and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases under award number R01AI097038.

Electricity-Free Amplification and Detection for Molecular Point-of-Care Diagnosis of HIV-1.. Singleton J, Osborn JL, Lillis L, Hawkins K, Guelig D, Price W, Johns R, Ebels K, Boyle D, Weigl B,LaBarre P. PLoS One. 2014 Nov 26;9(11):e113693. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0113693. eCollection 2014.PMID: 2542695

NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging & Bioengineering