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No Rebirth For Insulin Secreting Pancreatic Beta Cells

Pancreatic store and release insulin, the hormone responsible for stimulating cells to convert glucose to energy. The number of in the pancreas increases in response to greater demand for insulin or injury, but it is not clear if the new are the result of cell division or the differentiation of a precursor cell, a process known as neogenesis. Knowledge of how are created and maintained is critical to understanding diseases in which these cells are lost, such as diabetes.

In this issue of the , and colleagues at the Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh used a fluorescent cell labeling method in mice to determine exactly when precursor cells develop into . They observed neogenesis during embryonic development, but did not find any evidence of neogenesis in adult mice. These data demonstrate that neogenesis is not possible in adult mice.

In a companion commentary, Michael German at the University of California, San Francisco, discusses the experiments that will be required to determine if these findings also apply to humans.

TITLE: No evidence for beta cell neogenesis in murine adult pancreas

http://www.jci.org/articles/view/66323?key=4eb6fcd0887f4265673b

ACCOMPANYING COMMENTARY TITLE: Anonymous Sources: Where Do Adult β-Cells Come From?

http://www.jci.org/articles/view/69297?key=6b064d7e97fbf4fa75a8

Source

Journal of Clinical Investigation