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Policies Associated With Reduced Availability Of Foods And Beverages High In Fats, Sugars, Or Sodium Sold Outside The School Meal Program

The association between district and or legal requirements regarding competitive ( sold outside the school meal program) and availability of high in fats, sugars, or sodium was examined in a study , Ph.D., M.H.S., and colleagues at the University of Illinois at Chicago. (Online First)

Survey respondents at 1,814 (1,485 unique) in 957 districts in 45 states (food analysis) and 1,830 (1,497 unique) in 962 districts and 45 states (beverage analysis) participated in the study during the school years 2008-2009 and 2010-2011.

According to the study results, sweets were 11.2 percent less available (32.3 percent versus 43.5 percent) when both the district and state limited sugar content, respectively. Regular-fat baked goods were less available when the state law limited fat content. Regular-fat ice cream was less available when any policy limited competitive food fat content. Sugar-sweetened beverages were 9.5 percent less available when prohibited by district policy (3.6 percent versus 13.1 percent). Higher-fat milks (2 percent or whole milk) were less available when prohibited by district policy or state law.

“Both district and state policies and/or laws have the potential to reduce in-school availability of high-sugar, high-fat foods and beverages. Given the need to reduce empty calories in children’s diets, governmental policies at all levels may be an effective tool,” the study concludes.


JAMA Pediatr. Published online June 10, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.32.

This study was supported in part by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to the Bridging the Gap Program at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Please see the articles for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, funding and support, etc.

JAMA Pediatrics