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Spinal muscular atrophy development in mice influenced by timing of protein depletion

(SMA) is a devastating disease that is characterized by loss of motor neuron function and subsequent muscle weakness and atrophy. The disease results from deletion of 1 (SMN1) and SMN .

In humans, a duplication SMN1, SMN2 results in a truncated SMN protein; however, the number of SMN2 copies inversely correlates to disease severity. Disease onset occurs shortly after birth following a short period of normal muscle function.

In this issue of the , and colleagues at Columbia University demonstrate in a mouse model that the timing of SMN depletion during development is critical to the pathogenesis of disease. Depletion of SMN in the early neonatal period resulted in an SMA-like phenotype, while depletion of SMN in mature mice had no effect.

In an accompanying Commentary, Kathryn Swoboda of the University of Utah discusses the implications of a temporal requirement of SMN for optimization of SMN repletion-based therapy.

TITLE: Requirement of enhanced Survival Motoneuron protein imposed during neuromuscular junction maturation

ACCOMPANYING COMMENTARY

TITLE: SMN-targeted therapeutics for spinal muscular atrophy: are we SMArt enough yet?

Source

Journal of Clinical Investigation