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UCF-developed software analyzes fat in seconds

A University of Central Florida computer scientist has developed software to help doctors quickly determine whether what many assume to be an expected middle-age paunch is potentially more serious. Since the 2009 discovery that adults also have brown – or good – fat cells that are beneficial in fighting off weight gain and can potentially [...]

It takes a village… to ward off dangerous infections? New microbiome research suggests so

Study of how gut bacteria team up to prevent C. difficile infection in mice could aid development of probiotics and diagnostic tools for humans A Clostridium difficile cell, which the gut microbiome can team up to fend off — or not — depending on the makeup of the gut microbiome “village”. Credit: Centers for Disease [...]

Preserving photoreceptor cells following retinal injury

Vision researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Harvard Medical School (HMS) Department of Ophthalmology have taken a first step in solving a vexing problem: how to preserve photoreceptor cells and avoid irreversible vision loss in patients following retinal detachment. Left, an image of a human retina from a healthy individual. Right, a retinal image from a [...]

Study finds PrEP use feasible among high-risk groups in US community settings

A majority of men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) at high risk for HIV infection took anti-HIV medication for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), most of the time, in a multi-site U.S. study examining use of this HIV prevention strategy outside of a clinical trial. The study, called the PrEP Demo Project, [...]

Cholesterol metabolism in immune cells linked to HIV progression, may lead to new therapy

Enhanced cholesterol metabolism in certain immune cells may help some people infected with HIV naturally control disease progression, according to new research from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. The findings – funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and presented [...]