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Long-term brain changes persist years after drug abuse and recovery

It’s known that brain changes are present in drug addicts even when they have been abstinent for a short period of time. Now new research shows that alterations persist in long-term abstinent heroin-depended individuals as well. Through the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging, investigators analyzed the brains of 30 heroin-addicted individuals after a long [...]

Evidence lacking for the effectiveness of opioid drugs in the treatment of long-term chronic pain

A National Institutes of Health white paper finds little to no evidence for the effectiveness of opioid drugs in the treatment of long-term chronic pain, despite the explosive recent growth in the use of the drugs. The paper, which constitutes the final report of a seven-member panel convened by the NIH last September, finds that [...]

Pairing school and home programs most effective in fight against teen prescription drug abuse

Programs that aim to curb teen prescription drug abuse have vastly differing effectiveness, ranging from big drops in drug abuse to no measurable effect, according to a new study of 11,000 teenagers by researchers at Duke and Pennsylvania State universities. The best results came from pairing a school-based program with a home-based intervention, resulting in [...]

Novel therapies for nicotine, heroin, and gambling addiction show promise

Studies just released suggest promising new treatments for nicotine and heroin addiction, and further our understanding of pathological gambling and heroin abuse in those suffering chronic pain. This new knowledge, released at Neuroscience 2013, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world’s largest source of emerging news about brain science and health, [...]

1 in 10 older teens misuse Rx painkillers & sedatives, ER study reveals

If confirmed, findings suggest an opportunity to screen for prescription drug abuse risk — and reduce potential for addiction or overdose With prescription drug abuse at epidemic levels nationwide, and overdoses killing more people than auto accidents in many states, a new University of Michigan study provides striking new data about the misuse of potent [...]