Emulsifiers, which are added to most processed foods to aid texture and extend shelf life, can alter the gut microbiota composition and localization to induce intestinal inflammation that promotes the development of inflammatory bowel disease and metabolic syndrome, new research shows.
This photo shows bacteria that are present deeper in the mucus layer that lines the intestine and closer to the epithelium than they should be.
Credit:Dr. Benoit Chassaing
Benoit Chassaing, Omry Koren, Julia K. Goodrich, Angela C. Poole, Shanthi Srinivasan, Ruth E. Ley, Andrew T. Gewirtz,Dietary emulsifiers impact the mouse gut microbiota promoting colitis and metabolic syndrome, Nature (2015) doi: 10.1038/nature14232
This study was funded by the National Institutes of Health and Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation of America.