The role of changing loop conformations in streptavidin versions engineered for high-affinity binding of the Strep-tag II peptide

The role of changing loop conformations in streptavidin versions engineered for high-affinity binding of the Strep-tag II peptide

The affinity system primarily based on the bogus peptide ligand Strep-tag II and engineered tetrameric streptavidin, generally known as Strep-Tactin, gives engaging functions for the research of recombinant proteins, from detection and purification to purposeful immobilization.
To additional enhance binding of the Strep-tag II to streptavidin now we have subjected two protruding loops that form its ligand pocket for the peptide – as an alternative of D-biotin acknowledged by the pure protein – to iterative random mutagenesis.
Sequence analyses of hits from purposeful screening assays revealed a number of surprising structural motifs, reminiscent of a disulfide bridge on the base of 1 loop, substitute of the essential residue Trp120 by Gly and a two-residue deletion within the second loop.
The mutant m1-9 (dubbed Strep-Tactin XT) confirmed strongly enhanced affinity in the direction of the Strep-tag II, which was additional boosted in case of the bivalent Twin-Strep-tag. 4 consultant streptavidin mutants had been crystallized in advanced with the Strep-tag II and their X-ray buildings had been solved at excessive resolutions.
As well as, the crystal construction of the advanced between Strep-Tactin XT and the Twin-Strep-tag was elucidated, indicating a bivalent mode of binding and explaining the experimentally noticed avidity impact. Our research illustrates the structural plasticity of streptavidin as a scaffold for ligand binding and divulges interplay modes that may have been troublesome to foretell.
As consequence, Strep-Tactin XT gives a handy reagent for the kinetically steady immobilization of recombinant proteins fused with the Twin-Strep-tag. The potential of reversibly dissociating such complexes merely with D-biotin allows purposeful research in protein science in addition to cell biology.

Analyzing Phage-Host Protein-Protein Interactions Utilizing Streptag II Purifications.

After injecting their genome into the bacterial host cell, bacteriophages have to convert the host metabolism towards environment friendly phage manufacturing. For this, particular proteins have advanced which work together with key host proteins to inhibit, activate or redirect the operate of those proteins.
Since 70% of the presently annotated phage genes are hypothetical proteins of unknown operate, the identification and characterization of those phage proteins concerned in host-phage protein-protein interactions stays difficult.
Right here, we describe a way to establish phage proteins concerned in host-phage protein-protein interactions utilizing a mix of affinity purifications and mass spectrometry analyses. A bacterial pressure is engineered by which a bacterial goal protein is fused to a Strep-tag II on the C-terminal finish.
This pressure is contaminated with a selected bacteriophage, adopted by an affinity purification of the tagged protein which permits the copurification of all bacterial and phage particular interacting proteins. After SDS-PAGE evaluation and an in-gel trypsin digestion, the purified interacting proteins are recognized by mass spectrometry evaluation. The identification of phage proteins concerned in interactions gives first hints towards the elucidation of the organic operate of those proteins.

Streptag II fusion expertise for the modification and immobilization of lipase B from Candida antarctica (CALB).

Fusion tags – amino acid sequences which are genetically coded to be expressed as connected moieties to a protein – have the potential to boost the exercise of native enzyme, allow particular purification of the enzyme, and promote easy and environment friendly immobilization of enzymes onto materials helps.
On this work, we reveal the impact of a Strep-tag II fusion tag on the properties of free and immobilized lipase B from Candida antarctica (CALB). The gene encoding the mature portion of CALB was codon-optimized and cloned in pASG-IBA2 plasmid for expression in E. coli.
Purified recombinant Strep-tag II CALB was immobilized to Strep-Tactin primarily based assist by affinity binding, and the immobilized and free Strep-tag II CALB had been in comparison with a industrial CALB. Following modification, the enzyme might be selectively purified from tradition media with no observable non-specific binding.
The catalytic effectivity of the purified fusion-tagged enzyme was considerably higher than that of the industrial CALB in its free kind. Immobilization of the fusion-tagged enzyme to Strep-Tactin modified crosslinked agarose assist yielded a catalytically energetic enzyme; nonetheless, the okcat of the immobilized enzyme was considerably lowered in comparison with the free tagged enzyme.
This work signifies that a C-terminus Strep-tag II fusion tag could also be employed to enhance the catalytic effectivity of free CALB, however will not be appropriate for immobilized functions that make use of binding of the enzyme to a Strep-Tactin-modified assist.
 The role of changing loop conformations in streptavidin versions engineered for high-affinity binding of the Strep-tag II peptide

Inclusion of Streptag II in design of antigen receptors for T-cell immunotherapy.

Adoptive immunotherapy with genetically engineered T cells has the potential to deal with most cancers and different ailments. The introduction of Strep-tag II sequences into particular websites in artificial chimeric antigen receptors or pure T-cell receptors of various specificities gives engineered T cells with a marker for identification and speedy purification, a way for tailoring spacer size of chimeric receptors for optimum operate, and a purposeful ingredient for selective antibody-coated, microbead-driven, large-scale growth.
These receptor designs facilitate cGMP manufacturing of pure populations of engineered T cells for adoptive T-cell therapies and allow in vivo monitoring and retrieval of transferred cells for downstream analysis functions.

Streptag II Mutant Maltose-binding Protein for Reagentless Fluorescence Sensing.

Maltose-binding protein (MBP) is a periplasmic binding protein present in Gram unfavorable micro organism. MBP is concerned in maltose transport and bacterial chemotaxis; it binds to maltose and maltodextrins comprising α(1-4)-glucosidically linked linear glucose polymers and α(1-4)-glucosidically linked cyclodextrins.
Upon ligand binding, MBP adjustments its conformation from an open to a closed kind. This molecular recognition-transducing a ligand-binding occasion right into a bodily one-renders MBP an excellent candidate for biosensor improvement.
Right here, we describe the development of a Strep-tag II mutant MBP for reagentless fluorescence sensing. malE, which encodes MBP, was amplified. A cysteine residue was launched by site-directed mutagenesis to make sure a single label attachment at a selected web site with a thiol-specific fluorescent probe.
An environmentally delicate fluorophore (IANBD amide) was covalently connected to the launched thiol group and analysed by fluorescence sensing. The tagged mutant MBP (D95C) was purified (molecular dimension, ∼42 kDa).
The fluorescence measurements of the IANBD-labelled Strep-tag II-D95C within the answer section confirmed an considerable change in fluorescence depth (dissociation fixed, 7.6±1.75 μM). Our mutant MBP retains maltose-binding exercise and is appropriate for reagentless fluorescence sensing.

Streptag II and Twin-Strep primarily based cassettes for protein tagging by homologous recombination and characterization of endogenous macromolecular assemblies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Peptide sequences fused to a gene of curiosity facilitate the isolation of proteins or protein complexes from cell extracts. Within the case of fluorescent protein tags, the tagged protein might be visually localized in residing cells. To tag endogenous genes, PCR-based homologous recombination is a robust strategy used within the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
This strategy makes use of brief, homologous DNA sequences that flank the tagging cassette to direct recombination. Right here, we constructed a set of plasmids, whose sequences had been optimized for codon utilization in yeast, for Strep-tag II and Twin-Strep tagging in S. cerevisiae. Some plasmids additionally include sequences encoding for a fluorescent protein adopted by the purification tag.
We reveal utilizing the yeast pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) advanced that these plasmids can be utilized to purify massive protein complexes effectively. We moreover reveal that purification from the endogenous pool utilizing the Strep-tag system ends in functionally energetic complexes.

Strep-tag II Antibody

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Strep-tag II Antibody

24533-100ul 100ul
EUR 468

Strep-tag II Antibody

24578-100ul 100ul
EUR 468

Strep-tag II Antibody

24579-100ul 100ul
EUR 468

Strep-Tag II Antibody

3988-100 each
EUR 444

Strep-Tag II Antibody

3988-30T each
EUR 175.2

Strep-tag II Antibody

E38PA9045 100ul
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

Strep II tag Mouse Monoclonal Antibody

T0017 100 ug
EUR 525.6

Strep II tag Mouse Monoclonal Antibody

T603 100ul
EUR 319

Strep II tag Mouse Monoclonal Antibody

T603-100ul 100ul
EUR 302.4

Strep II tag Mouse Monoclonal Antibody

T603-50ul 50ul
EUR 224.4

Strep-Tag II Blocking Peptide

3988BP-50 each
EUR 183.6

Human Elongin B&Elongin C&VHL Heterotrimer Protein, Strep II Tag&Strep II Tag&His Tag (MALS&SPR verified)

ELL-H5595 50ug
EUR 1722.7
Description: Human Elongin B&Elongin C&VHL Heterotrimer Protein, Strep II Tag&Strep II Tag&His Tag (ELL-H5595) is expressed from Baculovirus-Insect cells. It contains AA Asp 2 - Gln 118 (Elongin B) & Asp 2 - Cys 112 (Elongin C) & Pro 2 - 213 Asp (VHL) (Accession # Q15370-1 (Elongin B) & Q15369-1 (Elongin C) & P40337-2 (VHL)).
Lastly, utilizing the fluorescent tags, we present {that a} kinase and a phosphatase concerned in regulating the exercise of the PDH advanced localize within the cells’ mitochondria. In conclusion, our cassettes can be utilized as instruments for biochemical, purposeful, and structural analyses of endogenous multi-protein assemblies in yeast.

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