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New test differentiates between Lyme disease, similar illness

Lyme disease is the most commonly reported vector-borne illness in the United States. But it can be confused with similar conditions, including Southern Tick-Associated Rash Illness. A team of researchers led by Colorado State University has identified a way to distinguish Lyme disease from similar conditions, according to a new study published in Science Translational Medicine. [...]

Slowing dangerous bacteria may be more effective than killing them, researchers report

Researchers at the University of Illinois have discovered a mechanism that allows bacteria of the same species to communicate when their survival is threatened. The study suggests it may be possible to slow dangerous infections by manipulating the messages these microbes send to each other, allowing the body to defeat an infection without causing the [...]

Artificial womb raises hope for premature babies

An artificial womb has been successfully used to incubate healthy baby lambs for a period of one week, and researchers hope the technology will one day be able to do the same for extremely premature babies. The long-standing collaborative Western Australian-based program, involving researchers from the Women and Infants Research Foundation, the University of Western [...]

Collagen in cartilage tissues behaves like liquid crystals in a smart phone screen

Cartilage in our joints contains collagen which behaves a bit like the liquid crystals on a smart phone screen, according to researchers at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL). The collagen changes its crystallinity in response to physical forces, so the ordered arrangement in collagen molecules of the cartilage in our knees may be flipping [...]

Study identifies a new way to prevent a deadly fungal infection spreading to the brain

Research led by the University of Birmingham has discovered a way to stop a deadly fungus from ‘hijacking’ the body’s immune system and spreading to the brain. The team studied Cryptococcosis, a disease that infects humans and animals after breathing in airborne fungi. The disease can result in a lung infection that may subsequently spread [...]