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Scientists find potential mechanism for deadly, sepsis-induced secondary infection

In mice, an infection-induced condition known as sepsis may increase the risk of life-threatening secondary infection by preventing recruitment of infection-fighting cells to the skin, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens. Infections that enter the bloodstream can trigger an immune system response known as sepsis, which leads to 5.3 million deaths each year. [...]

Asthma symptoms can be improved by diet and exercise in non-obese patients

Non-obese people with asthma could reduce their symptoms and improve their quality of life through diet and exercise, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress 2017. Asthma is a common and long-term condition affecting around one in ten people in the western world. The majority of patients rely on daily medicine [...]

Researchers identify potential biomarkers of age-related macular degeneration

Patients with any stage of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) carry signs of the disease in their blood that may be found through special laboratory tests, according to a new study led by AMD researchers based at Massachusetts Eye and Ear. The study, published online in Ophthalmology, describes a new technique known as “metabolomics,” which can [...]

Study reveals new clues to how a successful HIV vaccine could work

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have made a discovery that could speed efforts to develop a successful HIV vaccine. The scientists found that on the HIV envelope protein, at a site important for viral function, a small group of sugar molecules, known as glycans, serves as a key “anchor” for antibodies that can [...]

‘Superbug’ bacteria gang up on us, fueled by antibiotic use, nursing home study suggests

What’s worse than getting exposed to a kind of bacteria that modern antibiotics can’t kill? Getting exposed to more than one – because they may work together to cause an infection, new research suggests. And trying different antibiotics to control one such “superbug” may only encourage others lurking nearby, according to new findings made in [...]