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Cognitive cross-training enhances learning, study finds

Just as athletes cross-train to improve physical skills, those wanting to enhance cognitive skills can benefit from multiple ways of exercising the brain, according to a comprehensive new study from University of Illinois researchers. The 18-week study of 318 healthy young adults found that combining physical exercise and mild electric brain stimulation with computer-based cognitive [...]

Study points to penile microbiome as a risk factor for HIV in men

Earlier studies have linked the human microbiome – that is, the collection of microbes living in and on the human body – to a variety of health conditions, but little is known about the role of the penile microbiome as it relates to men’s health. By examining the collection of bacteria living under the foreskin [...]

Breast cancer patients can use antiperspirants during radiotherapy

Women undergoing daily radiation therapy for breast cancer are commonly told they should not use antiperspirant for fear that it could cause greater radiation damage to the skin, but a new study from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania shows that advice is not based on sound science. While they found [...]

High prevalence of evidence of CTE in brains of deceased football players

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) was diagnosed post-mortem in a high proportion of former football players whose brains were donated for research, including 110 of 111 National Football League players, according to a study published by JAMA. CTE is a progressive neurodegeneration associated with repetitive head trauma and players of American football may be at increased [...]

Anti-cancer chemotherapeutic agent inhibits glioblastoma growth and radiation resistance

Glioblastoma is a primary brain tumor with dismal survival rates, even after treatment with surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. A small subpopulation of tumor cells – glioma stem cells – is responsible for glioblastoma’s tumorigenesis, treatment resistance and subsequent tumor recurrence. A collaborative team of neuro-oncology surgeon/scientists – led by Ichiro Nakano, M.D., Ph.D., University of [...]